Advisory panel on emergent technologies

Police has an external, independent, expert panel to provide advice and oversight from an ethical and policy perspective of emergent technologies.

The expert panel operates as a reference group to which we will refer proposed policing applications of new and emergent technology (or significant enhancements of existing technology-enabled capabilities) on an as-needs basis.

The panel’s primary role is to provide advice and oversight from an ethical and policy perspective of emergent technologies. While advice will be received and considered in confidence, Police is committed to making the expert panel’s advice public wherever possible - acknowledging this may not be possible in every case, for example where disclosure would breach commercial obligations.

This panel supports Police’s commitment to carefully weigh privacy, security, and ethical consideration before looking at adding to its technology-enabled capabilities.

This will help provide assurance to the public that any major decision has been well considered and tested through an independent group.


Biographies of the panel

Professor Michael Macaulay (Panel Chair)

Photo of Professor Michael MacaulayMichael is Professor of Public Administration at the School of Government, Victoria University of Wellington. Michael’s research interests are ethics, integrity and anti-corruption within a public management and policy context. He has authored over 100 peer-reviewed papers, chapter and articles, and is Australasian and Pacific Rim regional editor for Public Management Review.

Away from academia, Michael spent seven years as a judge in the UK (Teesside Bench) and has worked with numerous international government agencies and NGOs: including the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, the Council of Europe, and Transparency International. Within New Zealand, he has co-authored evaluations on NZ Police and the State Services Commission. He has advised State Services Commission, Serious Fraud Office, Ministry of Justice, and numerous other agencies on anti-corruption, workplace misconduct and whistleblowing.


Dr Andrew Chen

Photo of Dr Andrew Chen

Andrew is a Research Fellow with Koi Tū: The Centre for Informed Futures at Waipapa Taumata Rau - The University of Auckland. He has a technical computing background with a PhD in Computer Systems Engineering, and now focuses his research on digital technology and impacts on society, particularly through public sector use of algorithms and data.

He was a co-author on the independent expert review of facial recognition use by NZ Police, and has also written about the Algorithm Charter and the use of NZ COVID Tracer. He is also a member of the Public Advisory Committee on Disarmament and Arms Control (PACDAC), particularly relating to lethal autonomous weapons, and an independent member of the MBIE Data Science Review Board. Born and raised in Auckland, he now lives in Wellington.


Dr Marion Oswald

Photo of Dr Marion OswaldMarion is a lawyer and Vice-Chancellor’s Senior Fellow in Law, Northumbria University, UK. Building on her background as a practising lawyer within Government and technology companies, she has developed a particular research specialism in the use of digital technologies and data analytics within policing and the wider public sector.

She holds a number of external appointments including as Chair of the West Midlands Police and Crime Commissioner and West Midlands Police Data Ethics Committee, member of the UK National Statistician's Data Ethics Committee and Board member of the UKRI Trustworthy Autonomous Systems Hub. She is Principal Investigator and Director of the UK Arts and Humanities Research Council-funded 'Observatory for the Monitoring of Data-Driven Approaches to Covid-19'. Marion is an Associate Fellow of the Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies.


Associate Professor Khylee Quince (Ngapuhi/Te Roroa/Ngāti Porou/Ngāti Kahungungu)

Photo of Associate Professor Khylee Quince (Ngapuhi/Te Roroa/Ngāti Porou/Ngāti Kahungungu)Khylee is an Associate Professor at the School of Law, AUT, where she teaches and researches in criminal law, youth justice and Māori legal issues. 

Khylee is a member of the New Zealand Parole Board and is current chair of the New Zealand Drug Foundation. She is mum to three teenagers, with her partner David.





Professor Jennifer Brown

Photo of Professor Jennifer BrownJennifer is currently a visiting professor at the Mannheim Centre for the study of Criminology and Criminal Justice, London School of Economics and Political Science. She has research interests in and published widely on evidence-based policing, police occupational culture, gender and policing and police decision making in serious crime.

She is a chartered occupational and a chartered forensic psychologist. Jennifer worked for 7 years as a research manager for a British police force thereafter running a forensic psychology masters programme at the University of Surrey. In 2012 she was appointed as the deputy chair of Lord Steven's enquiry into the future of policing in the UK and in 2019 became a member for the Mayor of London's Policing and Crime Ethics Panel.


Dr Lindsey Te Ata o Tū MacDonald (Ngāi Tahu)

Photo of Dr Lindsey Te Ata o Tū MacDonald (Ngāi Tahu)Dr MacDonald is a senior lecturer in political philosophy at the University of Canterbury and a research associate of Kā Waimaero - Ngāi Tahu Centre. His early career was in New Zealand’s State Services Commission and Te Puni Kōkiri (Ministry of Maori Development). He is a member of the University of Canterbury Human Ethics Committee (Chair 2012 - 2016), co-chair of the Aotearoa Research Ethics Trust (which reviews applications from researchers who are unable to access institutional ethics committees) and the Māori research appointee on the National Ethics Advisory Committee on health and disability research and services.