Understanding Policing Delivery

We understand that policing by consent carries significant responsibilities and how vital it is for our communities and whānau to have trust and confidence in the way we deliver our services. It’s also important we ensure there is a common understanding and evidence base on the way policing is delivered in New Zealand.

Therefore, Police is working with the University of Waikato, and an independent panel, on a major research programme looking at how Police can ensure we deliver policing that is fair and equitable for all our communities.

Understanding Policing Delivery’ is a research programme focussed on identifying whether, where, and to what extent, bias exists at a system level in Police’s operating environment.

The research will focus not just on frontline staff interactions, but also on policy, training, and deployment, to get an end-to-end understanding of Police decision-making.

The programme will initially look at the following three key areas and additional areas of focus will emerge as the programme of work progresses: 

  • who Police stop and speak to and how we engage with them
  • decision making around when and why use of force is justified
  • decision making around when charges against a person are deemed necessary.

Independent Panel

Tā Kim Workman KNZM QSO is the chair of the independent panel. The panel will provide expert, independent, academic, cultural, and community advice to the research programme.

Its members bring together a diverse range of skills and experience, to ensure the research, analysis, and advice is informed by a holistic range of views and perspectives, particularly understanding and applying a tikanga Māori view.

Biographies of the panel

Tā Kim Workman KNZM QSO | Panel Chair


Ngāti Kahungunu ki Wairarapa and Rangitāne o Wairarapa

Tā Kim Workman KNZM QSO is a retired public servant, whose career spans roles in the Police, the Office of the Ombudsman, State Services Commission, Department of Māori Affairs, and Ministry of Health. He was Head of the Prison Service from 1989 to 1993. He is a graduate of Massey University, and has completed post-graduate study at the University of Southern California, and Stanford University.

In 2000, Kim was appointed National Director, Prison Fellowship New Zealand (PFNZ), and retired from that position in 2008. In 2005, Kim was the joint recipient (with Jackie Katounas) of the International Prize for Restorative Justice. He was made a Companion of the Queens Service Order (QSO) in 2007.

In 2006, Kim joined with the Salvation Army, to launch the “Rethinking Crime and Punishment” Project. In 2011 he formed JustSpeak, a movement that involves youth in criminal justice advocacy and reform. During 2008 and 2011, Kim served as a Families Commissioner.

Over the last five years, Kim has increasingly contributed to the academic literature, in the areas of criminal justice policy, Treaty and Māori development issues, racism and inequality, culture and identity. He is currently an adjunct research associate at the Institute of Criminology, Victoria University. He was awarded the R.D. Stout Fellowship at the Stout Centre for New Zealand Studies in 2015 and is currently completing a publication on ‘The Criminal Justice System, the State, and Māori from 1985 to the present’.

In 2016, Kim was awarded the degree of Doctor of Literature (DLitt Well) by the Council of Victoria University, and in 2017, the same degree by the Council of Massey University. In February 2018, Kim was awarded Senior New Zealander of the Year, under the New Zealander of the Year Awards Scheme. In 2019, Kim was appointed as a Knight Companion to the New Zealand Order of Merit (KNZM).

His memoir, ‘Kim Workman – Journey Towards Justice’ was published in November 2018 and is available at all good bookshops or online at https://www.bwb.co.nz/books/kim-workman.

Kim was recently appointed to the Human Rights Review Tribunal and the Parole Board. He is a member of the Police External Advisory Group on Iwi Community Panels, and the Police External Advisory Group on the Improving Frontline Safety Programme.

Kim has six children, 10 grandchildren and 3 great-grandchildren. He enjoys listening and playing jazz.


Matt Bagshaw


As well as Co-Chair of Rainbow Pride Auckland, Matt Bagshaw is the founder and Director of embie people – a global business dedicated to putting employee happiness at the forefront of management thinking. Matt has a proven track record in designing and implementing dynamic people strategies with a fundamental focus on diversity, equality and inclusion. Matt spent much of his career in the airline industry. Having held several roles centred on people development with a constant focus on equality. Born in the UK, Matt grew up in West Africa, Hong Kong and New Zealand.


Dr Katie Bruce


Dr Katie Bruce is Manager of Child Participation at the Office of the Children’s Commissioner, where she works to ensure that children and young people’s voices are heard by those making decisions. Katie previously worked in the community sector where she was CE of Volunteering New Zealand and, before that, Executive Director of JustSpeak, a charity that works to empower young people to have a voice and create change in the justice sector.

Katie has a PhD in Sociology and Social Policy from the University of Southampton, and has worked on research projects on topics such as the community sector during recession, family rituals and the criminalisation of young people. Katie is from the UK, where she was involved in youth advocacy and programme design from a young age.


Fa'anānā Efeso Collins


Efeso is of Samoan and Tokelauan heritage, born and raised in Otara, south Auckland. He is the youngest of six children and was the first in his family to attend university.

Collins is currently the Ward Councillor for Manukau on Auckland Council. In previous roles he has founded youth mentoring programmes, published research on youth gangs, lectured in teacher education and worked as a public servant. He is involved in several governance roles too.

Efeso holds the chiefly matai title of Fa'anānā from the village of Satufia, Satupaitea in Savaii. He is married with two daughters and their family attends a local church in south Auckland.


Dr Penny Hagen


Dr Penny Hagen assists organisations, teams and communities to apply strengths based, participatory and developmental approaches to the design, implementation, and iteration of strategy, programs, policies and services. Penny has supported cross sector teams and communities in Australia and Aotearoa New Zealand to respond to complex social issues including youth employment, youth mental health, chronic health conditions and family violence by connecting policy and evidence to the lived realities and aspirations of communities.

Penny has a PhD in participatory design and her work integrates approaches from health, design, youth development, systems and evaluation disciplines. Penny is a strong advocate of participatory design and evaluative practices that are of Aotearoa, co-leading events and forums to develop and strengthen local practice and networks.

Penny is the Director of The Auckland Co-design Lab (The Lab) based within The Southern Initiative in South Auckland. Penny sits on the MSD Ethics Committee and co-leads the Labs work on design for equity and intergenerational wellbeing. This includes the development of practice-based evidence around what works and matters to communities, building public sector capability for more complexity-informed approaches, and working alongside rangatahi and whānau to understand and demonstrate what it looks like to enhance and activate the conditions for wellbeing in place.


Helen Leahy


Helen is the Pouārahi/CE of the Whānau Ora Commissioning Agency for the South Island, Te Pūtahitanga o Te Waipounamu. She has worked in a range of sectors including education, Māori development and sexual and reproductive health. She is a trustee on the board of PILLARS (Positive Futures for Children of Prisoners); and a trustee for Digital Wings (which facilitates redistribution of electronic equipment from corporate entities to community organisations, to enhance educational and employment opportunities).

Before returning to the South Island, Helen spent 16 years based at Parliament, where she held several roles, including Chief of Staff and Senior Ministerial Advisor for the former Minister of Whānau Ora. In 2015 she was a member of the Expert Advisory Panel for the modernisation of Child, Youth and Family, and the Māori Design Team for Oranga Tamariki; and a member of the Disability Support System Transformation steering group. More recently she has been a member of a number of health sector committees related to public health and COVID-19.


Lady Tureiti Moxon


Ngāti Pāhauwera, Ngāti Kahungunu, Kāi Tahu

Tureiti Moxon is the definition of a transformational servant leader.

As the Managing Director of Te Kōhao Health, she has been an inspirational visionary in the Māori health, education, social, justice and Whānau Ora space locally, regionally and nationally. Te Kōhao currently leads 12 partner service providers throughout the Hauraki Waikato, Maniapoto and Raukawa regions and has oversight of a medical centre and three satellite clinic’s in Hamilton and Raglan.

She previously established many Kōhanga Reo in the Waikato, Hauraki and Maniapoto regions and served as a barrister and solicitor with McCaw Lewis Chapman in Hamilton in Māori land law, civil and Treaty jurisprudence. She currently serves on numerous community trusts including her own iwi of Ngāti Pāhauwera as a trustee and previously on their treaty negotiating team who successfully settled their claim in 2012. She is now a member of the Waitangi Tribunal and chairs the National Māori Urban Authority. Tureiti co-founded the Toiora Māori Primary Health Organisation Coalition in 2003 until it merged with the National Coalition in 2012.

Not being prepared to stand on the sideline she stood as a candidate for the Hamilton City Council local body elections and in the general elections. Tureiti has spearheaded several multimillion dollar building projects for the advancement of Māori health, education and Te Reo Māori including the Te Kōhao Health Whānau Ora centre, a bilingual kōhungahunga and a puna reo.

Under her leadership, Te Kōhao is now a thriving multimillion business and has grown from 1,500 enrolled individual whānau members to 8,400 and employs a staff of 234.

Strengthening whānau tino rangatiratanga and mana motuhake is at the centre of everything that drives her. Tureiti’s foresight, belief, courage, tenacity, integrity and strategic connections from a lifetime of service continues to transform generations.


Grant O’Fee MNZM


Grant had a 44-year career with New Zealand Police, before retiring at the rank of Superintendent in 2012. With a varied policing background, he has served in a variety of roles within tactical and senior leadership positions, including undercover agent, response, Detective, Armed Offenders Squad, Special Tactics Group, Area and District Commander.

At the Royal New Zealand Police College, he instructed on leadership and tactical response before relocating to the Tasman District as Commander in 2000. In 2006, he commanded the first New Zealand Police contingent to East Timor before returning to New Zealand and planning and delivering Operation Rugby World Cup 2011. Work on drug education in Porirua earned a bronze merit award along with a silver for the Rugby World Cup operation. Grant was made a member of the New Zealand Order of Merit in 2007.

After retiring from New Zealand Police, he went on to serve for three years as Commissioner of the Tonga Police.

Grant is currently a member of the Tasman District Commander’s Iwi Advisory Committee and sits on Te Pae Oranga community panel for Te Tau Ihu. He is also a mentor for the Big Brothers Big Sisters mentoring scheme.

He enjoys swimming, road cycle racing, target shooting, history and family.


Rahui Papa


Ngāti Korokī-Kahukura, Waikato-Tainui

Rahui Papa is an orator, spokesperson, and recognised authority on Waikato reo and tikanga. Rahui has a background in broadcasting and education and has served on the Waikato-Tainui Governance Group since its inception. Rahui is the negotiator for Waikato-Tainui’s outstanding Treaty claims, having previously chaired the Waikato Tainui Executive, Te Arataura, and served as a director and member of various holdings companies, ministerial committees, and national and local boards. Rahui plays an integral role in the Iwi Leaders’ Forum, providing advice to Ministers and Crown officials on matters of national significance.


Associate Professor Khylee Quince


Ngāpuhi, Te Roroa, Ngāti Porou, Ngāti Kahungunu

Recently appointed as Dean of the School of Law at Auckland University of Technology, Khylee teaches and researches in criminal law, youth justice and Māori legal issues. Khylee is a member of the Parole Board, current chair of the New Zealand Drug Foundation, and a member of the Police’s Expert Panel on Emergent Technologies.


Distinguished Professor Paul Spoonley FRSNZ


A Fellow of the Royal Society of New Zealand, Paul is a Distinguished Professor whose specialist area is on social change and demography and how this impacts policy decisions at the political level. He has led numerous externally funded research programmes, written or edited 27 books and is a regular commentator in the news media. He has a PhD, DipEd, MSc, MA, PGDipArts, and a BA.

Paul joined the Massey staff in 1979 and was, until becoming Pro Vice-Chancellor in October 2013, the College's Research Director and Auckland Regional Director. He has led numerous externally funded research programmes, including the Ministry of Science and Innovation's $3.2 million Integration of Immigrants and the $800,000 Ngā Tangata Oho Mairangi.


Anne Waapu


Rongomaiwahine, Ngāti Hinemanu, Ngāti Kahungunu, Te Atihaunui-ā-Pāpārangi

A kaupapa Māori researcher and activist, Anne is focused on the transformation of New Zealand’s colonial justice system with an interest in constitutional transformation, prison abolition and healing historical and intergenerational trauma. A kaitautoko of related kaupapa, Anne is also a tauira of Ahunga Tikanga at Te Wānanga o Raukawa.


Glenn Wilcox


With a keen interest in the health and youth development sector, Glenn Co-Chairs the Affinity Charitable Services Trust, and is a Board Member of Healthwest and the Sir Peter Blake Marine Education and Recreation Centre (MERC). He is a qualified Hearings Commissioner and has been a member of the Independent Māori Statutory Board in Tāmaki Makaurau since its inception in 2010.

Glenn previously chaired the Committee of Management of a hapū-owned farm on the South Kaipara Peninsula, and was a member of Te Rūnanga o Ngāti Whātua. He now chairs the Te Rūnanga o Ngāti Whātua Fisheries and Commercial Group of Companies.

Glenn was a negotiator on both the South Kaipara Waitangi and Ngā Mana Whenua o Tāmaki Makaurau Collective Claims and has worked in an advisory capacity with the Police in Waitematā for over a decade.


Research Team

The research will be conducted by an independent team led by the Professor Devon Polaschek MNZM at the University of Waikato who is the Te Puna Haumaru New Zealand Institute for Security and Crime Science. The research members may vary to meet research needs.

Biographies of the research team

Professor Devon Polaschek MNZM | Research Lead


Professor Devon Polaschek MNZM is the current Director of Te Puna Haumaru New Zealand Institute of Security and Crime Science, and a professor of criminal psychology at the University of Waikato. Devon is leading the independent research team. She has been researching and teaching on criminal behaviour and crime for 27 years. Her research has helped to shape Ara Poutama Aoteoroa’s prison rehabilitation approaches and the process of reintegrating people returning from prison back into their communities. Since relocating from Victoria University of Wellington to the University of Waikato four years ago, Devon has had the opportunity to work more closely with New Zealand Police through the university’s partnership in the Evidence-Based Policing Centre. Devon has co-authored or edited 3 books, over 130 peer reviewed journal articles and book chapters, and more than a dozen reports for government. She is a mixed methods researcher and particularly enjoys the challenge of working in the space between academia and front line in the criminal justice system to help improve policies and practices.


Dr Lisa Tompson


Dr Lisa Tompson is a Senior Lecturer in Te Puna Haumaru NZ Institute for Security and Crime Science, University of Waikato and has worked in the Crime Science field for 15 years. During that time, her work has helped to shape the professionalisation agenda for the UK police, and the infrastructure underpinning this transformation. In particular, she led the research team that systematically assembled the evidence base for the What Works Centre for Crime Reduction. Lisa has also worked on many projects helping the police and other crime reduction agencies to generate insight on crime patterns and has developed several innovative methods for studying ‘hidden crime’ (e.g., waste crime, human trafficking). Before she left her previous position at the Jill Dando Institute at University College London, she led a team to achieve an Athena SWAN gender equality charter award, which involved doing extensive analysis on multiple dimensions of inequality. Lisa’s research interests are evidence synthesis, evidence-based policing, and the use of space-time analysis to understanding crime patterns. Lisa remains in London at present, awaiting a change in the current immigration policy before she can move herself and her family to the Waikato.


Dr Pounamu Jade Aikman


Ngāti Maniapoto, Tainui, Ngāi Te Rangi, Ngāti Awa, Pākehā

Dr Pounamu Jade Aikman, an Independent Scholar, explored the ongoing experiences of racism, colonisation, and state violence towards Ngāi Tūhoe for his PhD. He completed his doctorate through the Australian National University in Canberra and is now based in Wellington. He is an Adjunct Research Fellow in Criminology at Victoria University of Wellington.


Dr Jacinta Cording


Dr Jacinta Cording is a Lecturer in forensic psychology, research design and statistics in the School of Psychology, Speech and Hearing at the University of Canterbury and a research member of the New Zealand Psychological Society. Her research focusses on how individual, social, and environmental factors contribute to crime and crime-related harm, and the processes underlying recovery/rehabilitation. Jacinta has worked with a number of different government agencies (including NZ Police, the Ministry of Justice, Oranga Tamariki, and the Ministry of Social Development) to conduct policy-relevant research that has been used to effect change in how Aotearoa prevents and intervenes to reduce crime-related harm in our communities. This includes leading a recent qualitative research project that explored the reasons why drivers flee from police, which was used to inform policy and prevention efforts aimed at reducing the number of police pursuits. Jacinta is a mixed-methods researcher, using both quantitative and qualitative methodologies (including quasi-experimental techniques) in her own research and in the postgraduate research she supervises.


Hector Kaiwai


Ngāti Porou, Ngāti Maniaopoto, Tūhoe

Hector has over 15 years’ experience as a kaupapa Māori researcher and evaluator consultant in the justice, social and health sectors. He has extensive experience in all parts of the research and evaluation process including project management, design, interviewing, data analysis, report writing, and the publication and dissemination of evaluation results.

Hector has been involved in a number of projects in the justice sector, most notably, an evaluation of the Ministry of Justice-funded Domestic Violence Programmes, an evidence review of what is known about effective recovery services for men who have been sexually abused, an evaluation of the Family Violence Interagency Response System (FVIARS), an impact evaluation of Community Alcohol and Drug Service Offender Team Pilot in the Auckland Region, and an evaluation of the Body Safe Programme for Rape Prevention Education Whakatu Mauri. More recently, Hector was the research lead for the Māori Led Inquiry into Oranga Tamariki, has completed work on an evaluation of the Family Violence courts commissioned by the Ministry of Justice, a Fleeing Driver report commissioned by the Police, was an independent reviewer for the Office of the Children’s Commission report Te Kuku O Te Manawa, and is currently an independent reviewer and advisor for two cross-agency initiatives including the Joint Venture (JV) National Strategy and Action Plans to eliminate and prevent family violence and sexual violence, and Ministry of Justice’s adverse incident learning systems (AILS) initiative.


Tarsh Edwards


Ngātikahu ki Whangaroa, Ngāti Rangimatamomoe, Ngāti Rua, Ngāpuhi, Ngāti Whakaeke, Ngāti Tautahi

Tarsh Edwards’ tūrangawaewae lies in the Waihapa valley at the feet of maunga Taratara in the far north. She grew up on her whānau papakāinga raised by her mother and grandparents in a small whare opposite her marae. When she finished school Tarsh studied teaching and volunteered on a number of At Risk Youth projects in and around South Auckland. After 10 years in education, she moved into Corrections, following her passion for working with youth in need and specialising in delivering Young Offender therapeutic interventions. She followed the karanga to expand her work to include tāne and wāhine both in prison and in the community, eventually moving into the management, advisory and evaluation spaces where Tarsh felt she was better able to contribute to creating lasting change.

Tarsh stepped down from her permanent management role with Corrections in 2015 to focus on growing her capability as not only a strong clinical practitioner and manager, but also as a māma, a wahine Māori, an active member of her iwi, hapū, marae and a contributing whānau member at her tamariki’s kura and kohanga reo. Her choice to uphold this crucial balance has led her to being a valuable practitioner with unique skills in weaving the Te Ao Māori values and concepts that keep her grounded in her daily life with the Western models and frameworks that guide and inform much of her clinical practice.

Today Tarsh is in Private Practice, providing Cultural Supervision as well as research and advisory services back to the Department of Corrections and other community agencies, supporting the development and review of strategies and frameworks that strive to produce better outcomes for Māori. She is also a student a Waikato University being accepted onto the Bachelor of Social Science programme pursuing a double major in Psychology and Māori and Indigenous studies. In balance, Tarsh has recently started weaving her first korowai and actively attends wānanga rangahau and kura reo with whānau at every opportunity to maintain strong and close connections to her whānau and whēnua.


Dr Simon Davies


Dr Simon Davies is a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at Te Whare Wānanga o Waikato, the University of Waikato. He has research experience across the justice sector in New Zealand, including for the Department of Corrections, Ministry of Justice, and New Zealand Police. He completed his PhD at Te Herenga Waka, Victoria University of Wellington, which looked at the use of risk assessment with men on parole in New Zealand. He is also a registered clinical psychologist and has a law degree.