State of National Emergency important notice

State of National Emergency

Police service update

At 11.59pm on Wednesday 25 March 2020, New Zealand moved to COVID-19 Alert Level 4.

This means New Zealanders not working in essential services must stay at home and stop all interactions with others outside of their household.

During this time Police will continue to provide essential policing services.

Find out more

Bibliography - resources to help you learn more


Cherrett, Owen J (1989): ‘Without Fear or Favour: 150 Years of Policing Auckland 1840 – 1990’. New Zealand Police and L. Patrick Hunter.

Beattie, James Herries (1998): Traditional Lifeways of the Southern Māori. Otago University Press.

Hill, R. S. (1986): Policing the Colonial Frontier (Part One). The theory and Practice of Coercive Social and Racial Control in New Zealand, 1767-1867 (The History of Policing in New Zealand, Volume One). Wellington: Historical Publications Branch, Department of Internal Affairs.

Hill, Richard S (1989): The Colonial Frontier Tamed: New Zealand Policing in Transition, 1867-1886. Wellington: Government Print.

King, M. (1997): Nga Iwi o te Motu: One Thousand Years of Maori History. Auckland: Reed Publishing (New Zealand) Ltd.

Kirikiri, R. & Wrighton, N. (compilers) (1990): A Beginner's Guide to Cultural Identity - A Resource for Teachers. Wellington: Ministry of Education.

McGill, David (1990): The Lion and the Wolfhound. ISBN 1 86934 019 1. Grantham House Publishing

McLintock, A. H. (Ed) (1966): An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand. ‘The Battle of Addisons Flat, 1868’.

Mikaere, A. (2000): Maori and Self-Determination in Aotearoa/New Zealand. Working Paper No. 5, Development Studies Programme. Hamilton: University of Waikato.

Singe, Miles and Thomson, David A (1992): Authority to Protect: A Story of Policing in Otago. Dunedin: P G Wiersma and the authors

Spicer, Charles E. (1988): Policing the River District: The First 100 Years of the Wanganui Police 1886 to 1986. Wanganui: New Zealand Police.

Thomson, B & Neilson, R (1989): Sharing the Challenge. Christchurch: J C Rowe

Walters, Brian (1986): A History of the Waikato Police 1886-1986. Hamilton: Times Commercial Printers

Young, Sherwood (ed) (1994): With Confidence and Pride: Policing the Wellington Region 1840-1992. Wellington: Wellington Police Trust.



Bull, S. J. (2004): ‘The land of murder, cannibalism, and all kinds of atrocious crimes? Maori and Crime in New Zealand, 1853-1919’. British Journal of Criminology, Vol. 44, July, pp. 496-519.


Digital sources

Dictionary of New Zealand Biography – articles

George Grey

Te Maiharoa, Hipa

Ministry for Culture & Heritage – articles

History of New Zealand, 1769-1914)

Overview of NZ in the 19th century: 1800-40

Māori and European population numbers, 1838–1901

First Attempt at Government – The Kororareka Settlers’ Association

Treaty FAQs

The Wairau incident

First major gold rush in Otago

Te Kooti

Dog Tax War narrowly averted

Te Ara – The Encyclopædia of New Zealand – articles

Hill, Richard S: ‘Police - The earliest police forces)

Hill, Richard S: ‘Police - Provinces, war and gold, 1850s to 1870s

Keenan, Danny: New Zealand wars - New Zealand wars overview

Pool, Ian & Kukutai, Tahu: ‘Taupori Māori – Māori population change - Population changes, 1769–1840’, Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand

Walrond, Carl: ‘Gold and gold mining

Taranaki region - Māori–Pākehā conflict

Invasion of pacifist settlement at Parihaka



Oceana Gold, 2016 Fact Book

Winders, Virginia: The Plunder of Parihaka, Puke Ariki