Bibliography - resources to help you learn more


Cherrett, Owen J (1989): ‘Without Fear or Favour: 150 Years of Policing Auckland 1840 – 1990’. New Zealand Police and L. Patrick Hunter.

Beattie, James Herries (1998): Traditional Lifeways of the Southern Māori. Otago University Press.

Hill, R. S. (1986): Policing the Colonial Frontier (Part One). The theory and Practice of Coercive Social and Racial Control in New Zealand, 1767-1867 (The History of Policing in New Zealand, Volume One). Wellington: Historical Publications Branch, Department of Internal Affairs.

Hill, Richard S (1989): The Colonial Frontier Tamed: New Zealand Policing in Transition, 1867-1886. Wellington: Government Print.

King, M. (1997): Nga Iwi o te Motu: One Thousand Years of Maori History. Auckland: Reed Publishing (New Zealand) Ltd.

Kirikiri, R. & Wrighton, N. (compilers) (1990): A Beginner's Guide to Cultural Identity - A Resource for Teachers. Wellington: Ministry of Education.

McGill, David (1990): The Lion and the Wolfhound. ISBN 1 86934 019 1. Grantham House Publishing

McLintock, A. H. (Ed) (1966): An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand. ‘The Battle of Addisons Flat, 1868’.

Mikaere, A. (2000): Maori and Self-Determination in Aotearoa/New Zealand. Working Paper No. 5, Development Studies Programme. Hamilton: University of Waikato.

Singe, Miles and Thomson, David A (1992): Authority to Protect: A Story of Policing in Otago. Dunedin: P G Wiersma and the authors

Spicer, Charles E. (1988): Policing the River District: The First 100 Years of the Wanganui Police 1886 to 1986. Wanganui: New Zealand Police.

Thomson, B & Neilson, R (1989): Sharing the Challenge. Christchurch: J C Rowe

Walters, Brian (1986): A History of the Waikato Police 1886-1986. Hamilton: Times Commercial Printers

Young, Sherwood (ed) (1994): With Confidence and Pride: Policing the Wellington Region 1840-1992. Wellington: Wellington Police Trust.



Bull, S. J. (2004): ‘The land of murder, cannibalism, and all kinds of atrocious crimes? Maori and Crime in New Zealand, 1853-1919’. British Journal of Criminology, Vol. 44, July, pp. 496-519.


Digital sources

Dictionary of New Zealand Biography – articles

George Grey

Te Maiharoa, Hipa

Ministry for Culture & Heritage – articles

History of New Zealand, 1769-1914)

Māori and European population numbers, 1838–1901

First Attempt at Government – The Kororareka Settlers’ Association

Treaty FAQs

The Wairau incident

First major gold rush in Otago

Te Kooti

Dog Tax War narrowly averted

Te Ara – The Encyclopædia of New Zealand – articles

Hill, Richard S: ‘Police - The earliest police forces)

Hill, Richard S: ‘Police - Provinces, war and gold, 1850s to 1870s

Keenan, Danny: New Zealand wars - New Zealand wars overview

Pool, Ian & Kukutai, Tahu: ‘Taupori Māori – Māori population change - Population changes, 1769–1840’, Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand

Walrond, Carl: ‘Gold and gold mining

Taranaki region - Māori–Pākehā conflict

Invasion of pacifist settlement at Parihaka



Winders, Virginia: The Plunder of Parihaka, Puke Ariki