To reference this exhibition: 

Nichols, Chelsea. "Suspicious Looking: 19th Century Mug Shots in the Collection of the New Zealand Police Museum." New Zealand Police Museum online exhibition. March 2010. 


"An Infallible Detective: Finger-tip Prints. The System Described." Evening Post, Issue 107, Vol. LXXXII (2 November 1911), 9.Papers Past:

-0criminal+identification-all [Accessed 6 November 2009].

"Beautiful Rogues." Hawke's Bay Herald, Issue 9285, Vol. XXVII (21 May 1892), 2. Papers Past: (Accessed 23 October 2009). 

Brunton, Di. Supervisor of Fingerprint and Image Management for the New Zealand Police. Interviewed by Chelsea Nichols, 11 February 2010 at the New Zealand Police Museum. 

Byron, Ken (ed.). Guilty Wretch That I Am: Echoes of Australian Bushrangers, from the death row memories of Richard Burgess.Australia: Macmillan, 1984.

Cole, Simon A. Suspect Identities: A History of Fingerprinting and Criminal Identification. London and Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2001.

"Criminal Identification." Grey River Argus (22 March 1911), By Electric Telegraph- Berlin. Papers Past: [Accessed 1 November 2009]. 

"Criminal Identification." Marlborough Express, Issue 296, Vol. XXXI (19 December 1895), 4. Papers Past: [Accessed 1 November 2009]. 

"Criminal Identification: Success of the Fingerprint System." Poverty Bay Herald, Issue 9923, Vol. XXX (14 December 1903), 2.Papers Past: [Accessed 25 October 2009].

Doyle, Peter. “Public eye, private eye: Sydney police mug shots, 1912-1930.” SCAN journal of media arts and cultures.

Elmsley, Clive; Hitchcock, Tim & Shoemaker, Robert. "Punishments at the Old Bailey." The Proceedings of the Old Bailey- London's Central Criminal Court 1624-1913. [Accessed 26 February 2010]. 

Evans, Arthur B. “Optograms and Fiction: Photo in a Dead Man's Eye.” Science-Fiction Studies, XX 3, no. 61 (November 1993), 341-361.

Galton, Sir Francis. "Composite Portraits." Journal of the Anthropological Institute, Vol 8 (1879), 132-144. [Accessed 18 March 2010]. 

Green, Marc. “Error in Eyewitness Identification Procedures.” Visual Expert. 2004-2009.

Harling, Michael. "The Fingerprint System." Origins of the New York State Bureau of Identification. NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services, 1996. [Accessed 24 March 2010]. 

Hill, Richard S. The Iron Han in the Velvet Glove: The History of Policing in New Zealand 1886-1917, Vol 3. Dunmore Press: 1995. 

Hoover, J. Edgar. "Criminal Identification." Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 146, The Police and the Crime Problem (November 1929), 205-213. JSTOR: [Accessed 17 December 2009]. 

"Identification of Criminals." Hawera & Normanby Star, Issue 8075, Vol. XLVIII (1 September 1904), 4. Papers Past: [Accessed 25 October 2009].

Jäger, Jens. “Photography: a means of surveillance? Judicial photography, 1850 to 1900.” Crime, History & Societies/ Crime, Histoire & Societes 5, no. 1 (2001), 27-51. 

Jones, Steve. "Victorian Mugshots Gallery." British History In-Depth, BBC. November 2009. [Accessed 17 January 2010]. 

Kasher, Steidl. Least Wanted: A Century of American Mugshots. New York: Steven Kasher Gallery; Gottingen: Steidl Publishers, 2001. 

Metzner, Paul. "Chapter Three: Vidocq, Detective." Crescendo of the Virtuoso: Spectacle, Skill, and Self-Promotion in Paris During the Age of Revolution. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998. 

Moenssens, Andre A. “The Origin of Legal Photography.” Finger Print and Identification Magazine (January 1962). Reprinted with edits on [Accessed 27 July 2004].

Pavlich, George. "The Accusations of Criminal Identity." Address to Legal Theory Workshop, McGill University, 17 November 2006. Courtesay of Google Docs:[Accessed 23 October 2009]. 

Reiss, R.A. La Photographie Judiciare. Paris: Charles Mendel Publisher, 1903.

Sekula, Alan. “The body and the archive.” October 39 (Winter 1986), 3-86.

"Sir Francis Galton: Collected Works." Online collection of Galton's journal articles and books. 

Tagg, John. “Power and photography: Part one, a means of surveillance: the photograph as evidence in the law.” Screen Education 36 (winter 1980), 17-55.

Taylor, Karen T. Forensic Art and Illustration. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2001.

"To Identify Criminals: A French Method Better Than Photographs." New York Times (18 May 1890).

"Untitled." West Coast Times, Issue 340 (25 October 1866), 2. Papers Past: [Accessed 16 February 2010]. 

Vanishing Tattoo. "History of Tattoos." Online Tattoo Museum.[Accessed 30 October 2009]. 

Wanczura, Dieter. "Japanese Tattoo Art." Artelino. May 2002, updated October 2009. [Accessed 2 March 2010]. 

"X-Rays for Detectives." Star, Issue 7917 (23 January 1904), 4. Papers Past: [Accessed 23 October 2009].